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Piazzale Aldo Moro, 7


9.00-10.00 Arrival and registration of participants

10.00 Opening Ceremony


Welcome coffee


All Sessions are held in English (max 12 min. + 3 min. discussion)


11.00-12.15 Session Hydraulic Works I

  • Issues concernig ancient roman aqueducts. Lombardi Leonardo, Santucci Elettra
  • The map of the ancient underground aqueducts in Italy. Parise Mario, Galeazzi Carla, Germani Carlo, Bixio Roberto, Del Prete Sossio, Sammarco Mariangela
  • Trajan Aqueduct: the Santa Fiora branch. Germani Carlo, Colombo Vittorio
  • The Campanian Aqueduct stairway rediscovered. Ferrari Graziano, Lamagna Raffaella
  • A new stretch of the Turris Libisonis aqueduct in Punta di lu Cappotto (Porto Torres, Sassari, Sardinia): preliminary  considerations and recent acknowledgements. Dore Pier Paolo, Piras Giuseppe

12.15 - 13.00 Session New Technologies for Artificial Cavities

  • Exploration and documentation of underwater artificial structures. Mazzoli Mario
  • Potential and limitations of new technologies for the survey of morphology and colour of rupestrian habitat. Carpiceci Marco, Inglese Carlo, Colonnese Fabio
  • Laser scanner survey and tru view applications of the “Grotta della Lucerna” (Ravenna, Italy), a Roman mine for Lapis Specularis. Santagata Tommaso, Lugli Stefano, Camorani Marco Ennio, ErcolaniMassimo                       



15.00-16.15 Session Hydraulic Works II

  • Lost Costantinople: subterranean water structures - application of speleology techniques in the archaeological research. Aygün Çiğdem Özkan, Eğilmez Ali Hakan
  • Urban hydrographic network of Genoa’s historic centre: the underground course of the Fossatello stream. Bixio Roberto, Saj Stefano, Traverso Mauro
  • Water supply tunnels of Istanbul Küçükçekmece lake basin (Bathonea). Kuruçayırlı Emre, Eğilmez Ali Hakan, Küçükali Gülşen, Albukrek Metin, Uzel Elif Aytekin, Aydıngün Şengül G.
  • Water tunnels of Güvercinlik Valley (Cappadocia, Turkey). Gilli Eric, Yamaç Ali

16.15-17.00 Session Miscellaneous (Geology)

  • Palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironmental reconstructions from speleothems in artificial caves (Lazio, Italy). Tuccimei Paola, Soligo Michele
  • Subaqueous anti-stalactites: a new type of speleothem from the old aqueduct of Sassari (Sardinia, Italy). Sanna Laura, Forti Paolo




Piazzale Aldo Moro, 7

All Sessions are held in English (max 12 min. + 3 min. discussion)


9.30-11.00 Session Mining Works

  • An ancient highway to the tufa quarries. New considerations on a forgotten monument North of Rome. Schatzmann Andreas
  • Perticara mine (Emilia-Romagna, Italy): first re-exploration, documentation and problems. Belvederi Giovanni, Garberi Maria Luisa
  • An underground historical quarry in the Hanbury Botanical gardens of Ventimiglia (Italy). Faccini Francesco, Corvi Marco, Perasso Luigi, Raso Emanuele, Mariotti Mauro G.
  • The Cozzo Disi mine (Casteltermini, Sicily, Italy) a multi-disciplinary approach to record, study, preserve and develop the mining heritage in Sicily. Badino Giovanni, Chiappino Claudia, D'Aquila Antonio, Fiorenza Fiorenzo, Spitaleri Giuseppe, Vattano Marco
  • Formignano mine: a study for the research project of Emilia-Romagna Regional Speleological Federation "Eastern Romagna Gypsum and Sulphur". Ponti Elisa
  • Ancient underground channels near Orvieto. Bellocchi Edoardo, Morucci Marco

                       Coffee break


11.30-12.00 Session Symbols, Typologies and Cadastre of Artificial Cavities

  • Underground structures from Istanbul Çatalca/Maltepe. Aydıngün Şengül G., Eğilmez Ali Hakan, Aydıngün Haldun, Gürbüz İlker,Gürbüz Gülhun, Albukrek Metin, Küçükali Gülşen, Kuruçayırlı Emre, Erdem Bülent
  • Artificial caves of Divnogorye (Russia). Gunko Alexey, Kondratyeva Sofya
  • First remarks on some very interesting artificial cavities in Croatia. Garasic Mladen, Garasic Davor
  • The UIS symbol set for cave maps and its possible extension for artificial cavities. Häuselmann Philipp



13:30- 17:00 Guided Tours


Guided Tours to hypogea and archaeological sites of special interest in Rome (Trastevere area). The program is being updated according to access permits.


MITREO DEL CIRCO MASSIMO (Velabro): Just a stone’s throw away from the world famous “Mouth of Truth (“Bocca della verità”), in the undergrounds of an old building, one of the few - and one of the best preserved! -temples of Mithra still visible in town. Built in the 3rd century A.D. inside a pre-existing structure related to the adjoining Circus Maximus, it consists of  five rooms and contains an amazing marble bass-relief with Mithra killing the bull.


INSULAE DI SAN PAOLO ALLA REGOLA Inside a residential building in Trastevere, we will have the opportunity of going eight meters underground, travelling back in time through four different levels.  You will see a very complex stratification of buildings from different periods. Some of the rooms belonged to a big warehouse built by  Emperor Domitian (Horrea Vespasiani) to stock food to be distributed freely to the citizens of Rome. On a higher level, windows and a courtyard belong to an insula (building) that hosted poor people. The clay pipes and decorations evoke the presence of an ancient laundry (fullonica).


SOTTERRANEI DI S. CRISOGONO Entering the S. Crisogono church along the busy Viale Trastevere and opening a tiny door in the sacristy, we will have to descend a winding staircase in order to reach the archaeological remains six meters below. Here the structures have been modified and reused for centuries. This is one of the first places where the early Christians gathered, reusing for their rituals the spaces of two or three houses, dating back to the 2nd and 3rd century A.D.



FRIDAY, MARCH 13, 2015


Piazzale Aldo Moro, 7


9:00 The Historical Roman Group greetings


All Sessions are held in English (max 12 min. + 3 min. discussion)


9.15-10.15 Session Miscellaneous  

  • Proposal International Congress Hypogea2017. Gilli Eric, Yamac Ali.
  • The galleries of Palmanova (Friuli-Venezia Giulia, NE Italy). Feresin Fabio, Diqual Augusto, Giacomin Antonio
  • Underground visions (movie). D'Alessandro Massimo
  • Lapis Specularis (movie). Demaria Danilo FSRER

                         Coffee break


10.30-13.00 Poster Session

Poster presentations and open discussion (3 min. discussion each)


Hydraulic Works

  • Ancient and medieval underground hydro-technical structures of Armenia. Davtyan Smbat R.
  • The old aqueducts of the Valley of Logulentu (Sassari, Sardinia). Dore Pier Paolo, Dallocchio Eleonora
  • The Albano outlet (Castel Gandolfo, Rome, Latium): the Project Albanus and new acquisitions. Galeazzi Carla, Germani Carlo, Casciotti Luigi
  • Survey, analysis and relevant interpretation of further interventions in the underground site of Claudium (Rome). Gradozzi Marco
  • Infiltration galleries, ancient constructions and geology integrated in the landscape of Nemi Maar (Alban Hills, Central Italy). Loret Emanuele, Medici Franco, Medici Giacomo, Testana Carlo
  • The Aqueduct Paul: new archaeological discoveries. Ranieri Cristiano, Felluca Elena

Hypogean Civilian Dwellings

  • Cave settlements in Southern Apulia. Rupestrian evidence in the Valleys of Otranto. Calò Stefano
  • Underground anthropogenic landscape in the Armenian Highland: from the Late Stone Age to the Middle Ages. Shahinyan Samvel, Davtyan Smbat, Pogrosyan Gacik
  • Dovecotes and cave dwellings of Gesi - Kayseri (Turkey). Tok Ezgi, Yamaç Ali
  • Cave dwellings of Halfeti - Urfa (Southeastern Turkey). Yamaç Ali
  • Underground cities of Kayseri (Turkey). Yamaç Ali, Tok Ezgi, Filikci Betul

Religious and Cult Structures

  • Artificial Christian religious cave "Skanovo" in the Penza Region, Russia. Agapov Ilya, Leontev Mihael
  • Religious buildings in Ortahisar (Turkey). The survey of the complex of Sakli and Ali Torun Kilise. Crescenzi Carmela, Giustiniani Claudio, Ricchera Giacomo
  • Man made cavities on the South-East side of the Albano lake, within the Albano Volcanic Area (SE of Rome, Italy). Felici Alberta, Cappa Giulio, Cappa Emanuele
  • Caves in Divnogorye and Belogorye: monastic and folk tradition in the river Don caves construction. Stepkin Vitaliy Viktorovich
  • The artificial cavities of Bulgaria. Zhalov Aleksey

Archaeological Studies

  • Archaeological study of Kvemo Kartli region rock-cut monuments in Georgia. Bakhtadze Nodar
  • The underground cemetery of San Senatore. Libera Roberto
  • Artificial cavities within the hill of Prima Porta (Rome, Italy). Pellandra Davide Ivan

Mining Works

  • Sarmanovsky copper mine. Gunko Alexey
  • Abandoned and deactivated mines in the Eastern Italian Alps (Trentino-Alto Adige, Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia). Laureti Lamberto
  • Underground history of Domodedovo District. Yanovskaya Ekaterina, Garshin Dmitry

New Technologies for Artificial Cavities

  • Rock hewn architecture survey: the problem of construction of the geometrical model. Carpiceci Marco, Cresciani Giovanna, Angelini Andrea
  • Recent developments of 3D scanning in real time. Catoni Gabriele              

Symbols, Typologies and Cadastre of Artificial Cavities

  • Contribution to the definition of cartographic symbols for artificial cavities. Bixio Roberto, Saj Stefano, De Pascale Andrea
  • The underground cavities in the of territory of Rome: typologies, distribution and sinkhole susceptibility. Ferri Gianluca, Succhiarelli Claudio
  • Classification of artificial underground structures. Dolotov Yuri
  • Terms about artificial cavities in UIS caver’s multi-lingual dictionary. Garasic Mladen
  • The Cadastre of artificial cavities of Rome and Lazio. Germani Carlo, Galeazzi Carla, Galeazzi Sandro


  • The (underground) architecture as subtractive act. Di Donato Stefania
  • Speleology in artificial cavities and archaeoastronomy: the cave of Casnea in Briaglia (Cuneo, Italy). Milla Fabrizio



15.00-16.45 Session Hypogean Civilian Dwellings

  • A huge cultural and historical heritage at risk: the underground settlements of Southern Italy. Parise Mario
  • Surveying some of the touristic underground cities of Cappadocia (Turkey). Yamaç Ali, Tok Ezgi
  • The rupestrian heritage of Dj̲abal Nafūsa: a study on settlements and architectural forms. Polimeni Beniamino
  • The San Pellegrino rock-hewn complex at Matera: a magnificent example of the rupestrian culture in Southern Italy. Lionetti G., Borneo V., Santarcangelo S., Pelosi M., Parise M.
  • New surveys on underground structures in Cappadocia: a dialogue between art historians, conservators, archaeologists and speleologists. Andaloro Maria, Benucci Michele, Bixio Roberto, De Pascale Andrea, Romagnoli Giuseppe
  • The necropolis of Hellenistic Maresha Judean Foothills, Israel. Zissu Boaz, Kloner Amos
  • Artificial caves cut into cliff tops in the Galilee and their historical significance. Shivtiel Yinon

16.45-17.00Session Miscellaneous (architecture)

  • Urban undergrounds: the worldwide perspective. Varriale Roberta

17.00 Closing of the international conference sessions


20.30 Social Dinner

Roman cooking in old and modern times: dinner in a typical Roman “Tavern” located in the Jewish Quarter of Rome.




The proceedings will be available as supplement to the magazine Opera Ipogea – Journal of Speleology in Artificial Cavities n. 1/2015 (Italian Speleological Society, ISSN 1970-9692,



Rome (Italy) COMUNE DI ROMA - Musei Capitolini - Sala Pietro da Cortona

Piazza del Campidoglio, 1


10:00 - 13:00 Mundus Subterraneus

Discussion-meeting (in Italian language) between Speleologists, experts and organisations responsible for the environment, history and cultural heritage in Italy to discuss the standards, valorisation and risks of artificial cavities.

In conclusione del Congresso Internazionale gli speleologi incontrano geologi, archeologi, architetti, amministratori e divulgatori. Opinioni e progetti a confronto sul potenziale scientifico e di sviluppo socio economico delle cavità artificiali. Conoscenza, documentazione, valorizzazione e costante sfida tra modernizzazione e tutela.



Stefano Saj, Direttore Opera Ipogea  - Journal of Speleology in Artificial Cavities



Fabrizio Ardito, Giornalista e scrittore

Cinzia Barbante, Vice Comandante Vigilanza Parco Regionale Castelli Romani

Michele Betti, Presidente Commissione Nazionale Cavità Artificiali Società Speleologica Italiana

Sandro Caracci, Commissario Straordinario Parco Regionale  Castelli Romani

Andrea De Pascale, Curatore Museo Archeologico del Finale - Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri

Giorgio De Rita, Segretario e Direttore Generale CENSIS

Carla Galeazzi, Presidente Hypogea Ricerca e Valorizzazione Cavità Artificiali,  International Union of Speleology

Giuseppe Gisotti, Presidente S.I.G.E.A.-  Società Italiana di Geologia Ambientale

Fausto Guzzetti, Direttore Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Mario Mazzoli, Direttore Generale A.S.S.O. - Archeologia, Subacquea, Speleologia e Organizzazione

Adriano Morabito, Presidente Roma Sotterranea

Roberto Nini, Presidente Italia Sotterranea

Mario Parise, Geologo Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Riccardo Pozzo, Direttore Scienze Umane e Sociali, Patrimonio Culturale - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Maurizio Todini, Umbria Sotterranea

Carlo Zelinotti, Vigili del Fuoco Roma


Sono stati inoltre rivolti inviti ad alte personalità del settore archeologico e turistico, protezione dell'ambiente e realizzazioni museali. In attesa di conferma partecipazione. Participation of eminent experts from the domains of archaeology, tourism, environmental protection and museums is pending confirmation.


14:45 - 17:00 Guided Tours


Guided Tours to hypogea and archaeological sites of special interest in Rome. The program is being updated according to the access permits.


SOTTERRANEI DI S. SABINA (Aventino): The magnificent Church of St. Sabina lies on top of the Aventine hill, overlooking the Tiber river and the Tiberine Island. The underground hosts the remains of rich aristocratic houses and  temples, as well as one of the first places where the early Christians gathered together in the house of a roman matron: Sabina. We will also be able to see a portion of the ancient republican city walls.


CAVE DEL CLAUDIUM (Celio): A real medieval tuff quarry in the heart of Rome, a few meters from the Colosseum. Crossing the gate and proceeding inside a monastery closed to the public, we will have the chance to admire the massive structures of the Temple of Claudium. Passing under the temple arches and descending a  metal staircase, we will enter another dimension, with water dripping from the vaults and galleries dug in the heart of the Caelian hill. The little crystal-clear ponds are the final bonus to this visit. N.B. For this visit, torch and caving helmet are required. 


Following the congress, excursions will take place